Why Your Business Needs Vertical Pumps

If you’re in agriculture, manufacturing, or any business where fluid flows, you need pumps.  The type of pump is completely up to the overall goal.  Where does the water, gas, oil, or any other kind of fluid need to go?

When you’re short on space, you will opt for a vertical pump.  First developed in the early 1900s by Byron Jackson, they were used to get water from deep wells.  Wooden buckets using a rotary mechanism was now a thing of the past.  Those things are not light.  People put pails of water on their heads to ease some of the weight.  Before vertical pumps, lighthouse attendants in St. Augustine used to walk 219 steps to the top with buckets of oil to keep the light going through the night.  Talk about a workout!

With the invention of vertical pumps, weight lifting was left to the gym.


Vertical Centrifugal pumps use a rotating impeller to move the fluid through the piping system.  The impellers are like little propellers in the pipe that shoot the water in the direction you need.  Most of ESPs manufacturers provide turbine pumps which have diffusion vanes that surround the impeller.  This controls quantity and speed of the flow.

Vertical pumps are normally used in commercial, industrial, mining, and municipal applications to transport water.  Vertical turbine pumps like the ones manufactured at American-Marsh Pumps are available in short set, deep set, submersible, mixed flow and propeller designs.  The heavy duty models of their products can handle even the toughest flow of water.

EBARA manufactures more of a hydraulic pump that displaces the water to push it to the location it is needed.  Vertical pumps are both manufactured for all kinds of situations.  They can be multilevel or as simple as only a few pumps.  It is really all about the job, location, need, and so much more.  ESP is a distributor for several manufacturers who will find the right fit for your need.


First and foremost, they require less real estate.  Since they are vertical, these pumps leave a smaller footprint and are suitable for installation where the ground area is limited or is at a premium.  As mentioned before, they were first created to help pull water out of deep wells.  Their function has not changed much over the years only their technology.  A vertical pump uses 75 percent less floor space than a horizontal pump with an electric motor.

Because the impellers are already supposed to be submerged in water, a vertical pump can even go underground thus creating more space for your other equipment.  As long as you follow the manufacturer’s instructions on how far below ground you can put the pump, you are winning in the space game.  Some manufacturing sites are limited to the area where they build their facility.  With vertical pumps, there is much more wiggle room.  The only thing limiting you in your manufacturing dream is your imagination.  There is a pump for everything.

Manufacturers like EBARAAmerican-Marsh, and Peerless Pump knows some customers will want hot water to travel through their pumps.  That is A-Okay.  With that in mind, they offer several solutions that can withstand high temperatures. Because of their radial split case design and always moving impellers, vertical pumps’ designs can be center-line mounted which gives them room to expand.  When hot temperatures enter a material, they tend to change the shape of the product.  Just like when you stick a Styrofoam takeout box in the microwave.  It is meant for hot temperatures to take your food from point “A” to point “B”, but it’s not supposed to be zapped with crazy amounts of heat.  ESP’s manufacturers know high temperatures will change the pump and they keep that in mind.  So don’t worry about your pump melting or mutate into a shape that doesn’t function.

Finally, because of the design of vertical pumps, they are more suitable for higher pressure service.  They are usually made with simplified bolting and confined-gasket design.  This feature also helps in almost eliminating flooding.  Since vertical pumps are often used in an industrial environment, there are tons of wires lying around.  If you’re not careful, pumps that have the tendency to burst is a hazard.  Be smart about your pump plan and go vertical.


Nothing is perfect, including vertical pumps.  The difficulties simply lie in more complicated systems like multistage units which usually require large headroom for servicing and maintenance.  The more complex the structure, the more likely it is to take care of all of the pieces.  It is machinery after all.

Some vertical pumps are prone to mechanical seal problems when pumping liquids with high dissolved or entrained gas.  Typically, the fluid accumulates at the top of the seal chamber where venting can be tricky.  This is a hazard to your employees.  Using the right equipment with the right materials for a job is the most important.

When choosing a vertical pump, take your overall plan for your business into account.  The professionals at ESP will guide you to the right solution.  They have relationships with all kinds of manufacturers who have the kind of pump you need.

If you’re transporting fluid from the ground up, your best bet is to use a vertical pump.  Don’t get caught up in all of the bad things that can happen at your facility.  Find a solution that fits your needs.

Vertical pumps have been moving water from underground since the early 1900s.  Technology has only gotten better over the years.  Now, the impellers in the vertical pumps can control the speed and quantity of water entering your facility.  If you’re short on space, that’s not a problem because these pumps do not take up much room and they are meant to transport even hot fluids.

If you have more questions about vertical pumps or you’re ready to start creating a pump solution today, contact ESP-Richmond.  They are your first choice for industrial, municipal, and commercial pumping needs.